Writing for adults

For nearly a decade, I worked solely as an engineer.  Through research positions at the University of Virginia’s Center for Applied Biomechanics and InfoSciTex at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, I published many peer-reviewed articles, technical reports, and conference abstracts.  These academic publications – largely under my maiden name, “Frimenko” –  are listed below.



Frimenko, R., Bruening, D., Goodyear, C., Bowden, D. (2016). Predictive ability of anthropomorphic metrics in determining age and sex of children.  IET Biometrics. 5 (3), 181-189. DOI: 10.1049/iet-bmt.2014.0103.

Bruening, D.A., Goodyear, C., Bowden D.R., Barone, R.E. (2015). Gender recognition from biologically guided anthropmetric features.  Int. J. of Biometrics. 7 (4), 354-372. DOI: 10.1504/IJBM.2015.076137. 

Frimenko, R.E., Goodyear, C.D., Bruening, D.A.  (2015). Interactions of sex and aging on spatiotemporal metrics in non-pathological gait: a descriptive meta-analysis.  Physiotherapy. 101 (3), 266-272.

Bruening, D.A., Frimenko R. E., Goodyear, C.D., Bowden, D.R., Fullenkamp, A.M. (2015).  Sex differences in whole body gait kinematics at preferred speeds. Gait & Posture, (41), 540-545.

Lievers, W.B., Frimenko, R.E., McCullough, K.A., Crandall J.R., Kent, R. W. (2015). Etiology and biomechanics of midfoot (Lisfranc) injuries in athletes.  Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.  43 (2-3), 213-238.

Kent, R. W., Lievers, W. B., Riley, P. O., Frimenko, R. E., Crandall, J. R. (2014). Etiology and biomechanics of tarsometatarsal injuries in professional football players a video analysis. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2 (3), DOI: 10.1177/2325967114525347.

Frimenko, R. E., Lievers, W. B., Riley, P. O., Park, J. S., Hogan, M. V., Crandall, J. R., Kent, R. W. (2013). Development of an injury risk function for first metatarsophalangeal joint sprains. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 (11), 2144-2150.

Lievers W.B., Frimenko R.E., Crandall J.R., Kent R.W., Park J.S. (2012). Age, sex, causal and injury patterns in tarsometatarsal dislocations: A literature review of over 200 cases. The Foot, 22 (3), 117-124.

Riley P.O., Kent R.W., Dierks T.A., Lievers W.B., Frimenko R.E., Crandall J.R. (2013). Foot kinematics and loading of professional athletes in American Football-Specific Tasks. Gait & Posture, 38 (4), 563-569.

Frimenko R. E., Lievers, W. B., Coughlin, M. J., Anderson, R. B., Crandall, J. R., Kent, R. W. (2012). Etiology and biomechanics of first metatarsophalangeal joint sprains (turf toe) in athletes. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 40, 43-61.

Salzar RS, Lievers WB, Frimenko RE, Seamon J, Keller T, Subit DL, Gochenour TH, Sochor M, Crandall JR (2011). Fracture tolerance of the patellofemoral joint in frontal knee impacts of 75 and 35 year old males. Int. J. of Crashworthiness, 16, 397–409.



Frimenko, R., Goodyear, C., & Bruening, D. (2016). Changes in Spatiotemporal Differences Between the Sexes due to Paired Walking. INFOSCITEX CORP DAYTON OH.  DTIC No. AFRL-RH-WP-TP-2016-0006.

Frimenko, R., Whitehead, C., & Bruening, D. (2014). Do men and women walk differently? A review and meta-analysis of sex difference in non-pathological gait kinematics. INFOSCITEX CORP DAYTON OH.  DTIC No. AFRL-RH-WP-TP-2014-0016.



Riley, P.O., Kent, R.W., Dierks, T.A., Lievers, W.B., Frimenko, R.E., Crandall, J.R.  (2014, September).  Stiffness of the first MTP joint in athletic activities.  Conference paper for IRCOBI Conference, 2014.

Frimenko R.E., Lievers W.B., Riley P.O., Crandall J.R., Kent R.W. (2012, September). A method to induce navicular-cuneiform/cuneiform-first metatarsal sprain in athletes.  Conference paper for IRCOBI Conference 2012.

Frimenko R.E., Riley P.O., Lievers W.B., Cradall J.R., Kent R.W. (2012, June 1). An analytic transformation of hallux dorsiflexion measured using skin marker set and bone-mounted marker array. Abstract for Poster Session of 60th Annual Meeting of American College of Sports Medicine.

Frimenko R.E., Lievers W.B., Riley P.O., Crandall J.R., Bolton J., Kent R.W. (2011, August 13). The development of a method to induce injurious hyperextension of the first metatarsophalangeal joint.  Abstract for Poster Session of 35th Annual Meeting of American Society of Biomechanics.

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